Dr. Constantinos Filis
Director of the International Olympic Truce Centre, Executive Director at the Institute of International Relations, Panteion University, Athens and Head of the Russia-Eurasia & SE Europe Centre at the Institute of International Relations since 2005. He lectures at the Hellenic Naval Staff and Command College, at the Hellenic National Defense College and at the Police Academy. He is also teaching in post-graduate degrees, as well as at the Open University of the Book Arcade (Stoa tou Vivliou). His most recent books are: “Refugees, Europe, Insecurity” (Papadopoulos Puplications), “Turkey, Islam, Erdogan” (same publisher) and “A Closer Look at Russia and its Influence in the World” (Nova Publishers).
The relevance of Olympic Truce nowadays
How relevant is Olympic Truce and how can it cope with global challenges? Is it realistic to expect temporary ceasefire during the Olympic and Paralympic Games? What are the successes and failures in the 21st century? Shall we expect a breakthrough in the near future?
Panteleimon Ekkekakis, Ph.D.
Professor, Department of Kinesiology, Iowa State University
Fellow, American College of Sports Medicine
Fellow, National Academy of Kinesiology of the United States of America
Panteleimon Ekkekakis obtained his Bachelor’s degree in exercise and sport science from the University of Athens and immigrated to the United States in 1993, to pursue graduate study in exercise psychology. He is now a Professor at Iowa State University, as well as a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine and the National Academy of Kinesiology. His research, which examines pleasure and displeasure responses to exercise, has been cited as the basis of guidelines by the American College of Sports Medicine (e.g., on using measures of affective valence as an adjunct gauge of exercise intensity, on assessing individual differences in preference for and tolerance of exercise intensity). Ekkekakis has presented keynote lectures, seminars, and workshops throughout the United States, as well as in 30 international cities (in 15 countries and 5 continents). He is the author of The Measurement of Affect, Mood, and Emotion: A Guide for Health-Behavioral Research (Cambridge University Press, 2013), the editor-in-chief of the Handbook of Physical Activity and Mental Health (Routledge, 2013), and co-editor of the Psychobiology of Physical Activity (Human Kinetics, 2006).
Exercise prescriptions and physical activity recommendations:
The challenge of exercise science to prove it is an integrated interdisciplinary field
Over its 70-year history, the field of kinesiology has been remarkably successful in producing compelling evidence on the benefits of physical activity and exercise for many facets of health and well-being. At the same time, however, it is equally remarkable that there have been no “success stories” in global efforts to encourage more individuals to be physically active. The take-home message of the lecture will be that exercise prescription guidelines (developed by the American College of Sports Medicine since 1975) and physical activity recommendations (developed by many governmental and public-health organizations since 1995) present opportunities for Kinesiology to increase its societal value and, in the process, move closer to the goal of achieving integration as an interdisciplinary field.
Panagiota (Nota) Klentrou, Ph.D.
Dr. Panagiota (Nota) Klentrou is a professor in the Department of Kinesiology, and the Associate Dean Research and Graduate Studies of the Faculty of Applied Health Sciences at Brock University, Ontario, Canada. She received a BSc (1981) in Physical Education and Sport Science from the National University of Athens, Greece, and an MSc (1987) and PhD (1991) in Exercise Physiology from the University of Montréal, Québec, Canada. Her research program uses applied and basic science approaches to study human performance and the implications of sport training primarily in children and youth. Dr. Klentrou is a leader in her field with funding from all three National (NSERC, SSHRC, CIHR), >100 publications and >3,000 citations covering a range of topics in pediatric exercise physiology, musculoskeletal growth, sexual maturation, nutritional supplements and inflammation. Dr. Klentrou is working with many local, provincial and national teams in Canada and Europe. A retired rhythmic gymnast herself, she has been involved with many local, provincial, national and International organizations including Osteoporosis Canada, the International Gymnastics Federation and the Athens 2004 Summer Olympic Games. Dr. Klentrou recently chaired the Board of Directors of the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology after serving 10 years as treasurer.
Exercise and Bone: high-impact versus high-intensity
Mechanical loading can stimulate bone remodeling when it diverges from the physiological setpoint, as is the case with exercise. Indeed, exercise has been shown to positively benefit bone health, but its effect may differ depending on the exercise mode, intensity and duration. High-impact activities, such as running and plyometrics, have been shown to be most beneficial for bone due to the larger magnitude of mechanical strain from the ground reaction forces. These benefits are evident in children and adults. Recently, we have shown that low-impact exercise (cycling) may also induce bone turnover changes like those of high-impact exercise, when carried out at a high intensity. High intensity resistance exercise has also been shown to mobilize bone formation. Thus, exercise, whether high impact or high intensity, increases the dynamic strain on the skeleton and can lead to an overall anabolic effect, which is important to maintain skeletal integrity across the lifespan.